Is there any relationship between gender and student performance in statistics and science subjects?

Weekly Discussion 2

Article Critique: Factorial ANOVA

The readings for this week focus on the concepts of complex ANOVAs, including factorial and mixed-design ANOVA. In this discussion we will apply those concepts to the review and critique of a research article. For information on how to critique a research article, see the Coughlan et al. (2007) and UIS (n.d.) guides listed in the Required Readings for this week.

Read the following article.

  • Hoyt, C. L., Price, T. L., & Emrick, A. E. (2010). Leadership and the more-important-than-average effect: Overestimation of group goals and the justification of unethical behavior. Leadership, 6(4), 391-407. doi: 10.1177/1742715010379309

In the body of your posting, include an overview of the following topics:

  • Research question – List the research question for the study.
  • Hypotheses – List the statistical notation and written explanations for the null and alternative hypotheses for the study.
  • Methods and Study Design – Describe the basic methods used, including the variables, sampling methods, data collection, etc.
  • Data Analysis – Summarize the statistical tests conducted, the results obtained from each test, and conclusions regarding the hypotheses.
  • Critique – Critique the results of the study, paying specific attention to the appropriateness of the analyses conducted, any biases or assumptions that were made, practical significance of the results, and recommendations for improving upon the study (methods or analyses).
  • Summary – Provide a brief summary of the study’s findings in 2-3 sentences. Do not use any numbers or statistical terms, but provide a review that would make sense to someone who has not studied research methods or statistics.
  • Be sure to put information in your own words and cite accordingly.

Respond to at least two of your classmates’ postings.

Point Value: 4 Points
Weekly Learning Outcome Alignment: 1, 2, 3, 4—————————————————————————————————————————————-

MY:Research Questions—-THAT YOU CAN USE  FOR THIS ASSIGNMENT

1. How does the employees’ motivation affect the organization Productivity?

In this research there are two main variables that is independent variable which in this case are the motivational factors to employees which include favorable working environment, compensation strategy, business culture and the management strategy. The dependent variable in this study is the organization productivity. The best effective scale for measuring these variables is ordinal scale basically because some variables have more impacts than the others.

2. What are the factors that affect the patient’s reaction to treatment?

The variables in these case include the type of medication, the lifestyle of the patient and the degree of the effect of the health condition has affected the patient. These variables have different effect on the patient’s reaction to treatment, the variables are categorical in nature. In this case the most effective measurement scale is the ordinal scale as well (Celli, Decramer, Wedzicha, Wilson, Agustí, Criner & Vogelmeier, 2015).

3. Does increase in gun ownership affect the crime level in the society?

This question has several variables that increase in criminal related deaths, criminal activities, assault cases. A rational scale level of measurement can be used in this research because of the nature of these variables. The variables depict some categorical characteristics they have different degrees of impact to the dependent variable in the question.

4. How does the school environment affect the student performance?

The security level in the school, the type of rules and the consequences of going against the rules and the level of strictness of the teacher in the school are the main variables in the research question. The rules and regulations is can be grouped into some category as well as the level of strictness of the teachers another subordinate staff, in this case the best scale of measurement to be used is the ordinal scale. The variables also have some categorical characteristics they are not numerical.

5. What is the probability that randomly selected teenager watches movie over three time in a week?

The possibility or the variables in this case is that the student watches three times, less, or even more in a week. In this case the main scales of measurement will be internal level, this is basically because they can be quantified but the decimal or rather the zero point is not relevant to the study or rather is meaningless (Pratt, 2015).

6. Is there any relationship between the traffic congestion and the price of fuel? 

The research questions in this has only one variable of interest which is the fuel prices which may or may not affect the traffic congestion. This is a question that is meant towards finding the if there is relationship between the variables in the study. The level of measurement in this case is therefore ordinal scale. The data in this case may have some continuous characteristics.

7. Is there any relationship between gender and student performance in statistics and science subjects?

The variables in this case will be the average performance of the students in the subjects of focus, they will be categorized according to their gender. These variables can actually be measured using the ratio level of measurements by some mathematical operations. In this case an average will be calculated of both genders performance on the subjects being studied. The data in this study will depict some continuous characteristics.

8. How does the training frequency affect muscle growth for body builders?

The variables in this case are time, the intensity of training and the diet. These are the three basic factors that affect muscle growth. These variables can be measured using some interval level of scale because they affect muscle growth differently in body builders. This scale will be giving some difference in categories in the manner they affect the dependent variable here which is muscle growth. The data in this case will be analyzed mathematically and so will give some discrete results (Sahin, Serdar, Serteser, Unsal & Ozpinar, 2018).

9. What is the relationship between mortality rates and poverty level?

This research question is intended to establish the existence of any relationship between the mortality rates within a population and the poverty level of that population. The variables in these case will be poverty and death rate which will be measured using the ordinal level scale because it will be giving the degree to which these variables affect each other. The variables in this case will be having some continuous characteristics because they rise and fall at some level.

10. How does technological development impact learning in schools?

This research question has two directions, that is, the dependent variable may affect the independent in two ways either positively or negatively. The variables in this case will include the teaching techniques used by the teachers, the accessibility of the learning materials and so on this will have some positive impact on the learning processes. These variables will be measured using the ordinal level scale because they will be categorized and rated on the impact they have on the subject of study.

References

Pratt, M. G. (2015). Crafting and Selecting Research Questions and Contexts in Qualitative Research. Handbook of Qualitative Organizational Research: Innovative Pathways and Methods, 177.

Celli, B. R., Decramer, M., Wedzicha, J. A., Wilson, K. C., Agustí, A., Criner, G. J., … & Vogelmeier, C. (2015). An official American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society statement: research questions in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 191(7), e4-e27.

Sahin, O. N., Serdar, M., Serteser, M., Unsal, I., & Ozpinar, A. (2018). Vitamin D levels and parathyroid hormone variations of children living in a subtropical climate: a data mining study. Italian journal of pediatrics, 44(1), 40.

How would cognitive therapists approach the treatment of depression?

PSYCHOLOGY QUESTIONS 7

There 2 PARTS IS THIS ASSIGMENT PLEASE PAY CLOSE ATTENTION THEY MUST BE IN SEPERATED NOT TOGETHER.

PART ONE – NEEDS TO BE A MINIMUN OF 250 WORDS EACH QUESTION AND PLUS REFERENCE

1- Discuss how the humanistic theorists (Rogers, Maslow, and Frankl) might respond to this question from a potential client: “I have been a patient of Dr. Steve Smith, who is a psychoanalyst. He feels that I need three years of therapy to explore my id-ego conflicts (He said I need to regress back to my childhood repressions, whatever that means). I am feeling somewhat depressed, and feel that no one likes me. I think I’m too much of a loner, although I value my privacy a lot. Can you help me, or should I stay with Dr. Smith?”

2- Carl Rogers assumed the position that people are innately good. Given your experience in world events, do you agree with Rogers’s position? Give three examples of why or why not. Justifying your responses with research directly from Rogers.

Is self-actualization a destination or journey? Discuss Maslow’s and Rogers’ positions on this statement.

3- Give two examples of classical conditioning you have witnessed. Identify the neutral stimulus, the unconditioned stimulus, the unconditioned response, the conditioned stimulus, and the conditioned response. Develop a plan on how you can classically condition a specific behavior.

Can you think of anything you do that is not motivated by either the hope of reinforcement or the avoidance of punishment?

4- Give two examples of operant conditioning you have witnessed. What types of reinforcement or punishment was used? Develop your own plan for changing a specific behavior. Critique others’ plans and offer advice on how they may better achieve their goal.

5- Discuss how the cognitive theorists (Kelly, Beck, and Ellis) might respond to this question from a potential client: “I have been a patient of Dr. Steve Smith, who is a psychoanalyst. He feels that I need three years of therapy to explore my defense mechanisms (he said I need to regress back to my childhood repressions, whatever that means). I am feeling depressed, and have even thought of committing suicide. I feel that no matter what I do, I’m just a complete failure. Can you help me, or should I stay with Dr. Smith?”

6- How would cognitive therapists approach the treatment of depression? How might they criticize humanistic therapies?

PART TWO

After reading “Psychological Data and Human Values” by Maslow; “The Necessary and Sufficient Conditions of Therapeutic Personality Change” by Rogers; and “Logotherapy and Existentialism” by Frankl, complete the following in 1,250-1,500-words

1. Summarize each article.

2. Evaluate how the article aligns with the theorist’s perspective Frankl/Existential Maslow and Rogers/Humanistic.

3. How could each of these research articles be applied today.

Use your textbook to provide support for your statements.

Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.

What you should submit:

· 1,250-1,500-words (this does not include the title page or the references page)

· The paper must be in APA format. Use the template I provided in announcements.

· Title page

· Body of paper

· Introduction with thesis statement

· Body

· Summarize each article.

· Evaluate how each article aligns with the corresponding theorist’s perspective

· How could each of these research articles be applied today?

 Conclusion (wrap it all up comprehensively)

 References page (You must cite all three articles and use one additional scholarly source

Describe the history and evolution of health care economics and the timeline of health care funding, usingthe defined terms.

Complete the Economic Terms Exercise in Week One of the student website.

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper in which you include the following:

  • Describe the history and evolution of health care economics and the timeline of health care funding, usingthe defined terms.
  • Includetwo outside resources.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Submit your paper and a copy of the completed exercise to your facilitator.

Explain the processes involved when drugs such as cocaine, marijuana, mescaline or alcohol enter the brain

 Explain the processes involved when drugs such as cocaine, marijuana, mescaline or alcohol enter the brain. You may draw a diagram to amplify your explanation.  at least 200 words

  Describe the relationship between data and information.

  Describe the relationship between data and information.

  • Read and answer the discussion questions, using complete sentences, correct spelling, correct punctuation and correct grammar.
  • APA format. Your answer should be a minimum of 250 words with a minimum of one cited reference to support the discussion.

Books Required Discovering Computers & Microsoft Office 2013: A Fundamental Combined Approach, 1st Enhanced Edition Author: Misty E. Vermaat

Are the theoretical definitions of concepts in the theory used to identify or develop the measurements of variables?

Review the second article from this week’s Electronic Reserve Readings. article will be attached. must use info from article. Writing  needs to include the 5 questions down below.

Write a 205-word message in which you address the following:

1-Address how well the authors used theory to guide the research.

2-Were relational statements from the theory used to develop the hypotheses being tested?

3-Are the theoretical definitions of concepts in the theory used to identify or develop the measurements of variables?

4-Interpret if theoretical definitions of concepts in the theory were used to develop the intervention. 

5-In their discussion of findings, do the authors address how the findings are related to the theory? If so, explain

  • attachment

    Article.pdf

Review the competencies described in the Interprofessional Education Collaborative report and in Chapter 9 of the Hickey and Brosnan text.

Evaluating Interdisciplinary Collaboration Skills

The achievements of an organization are the results of the combined effort of each individual.—Vince LombardiCollaboration is a critical component of quality improvement. It is also a central tenet of your endeavors as a scholar-practitioner in this Walden University Master’s program. To succeed in your role as a nurse leader-manager, it is important to engage in ongoing development of collaborative skills and to help foster a culture that values collaboration.In Weeks 1 and 2 of this course, you analyzed your strengths and considered how to leverage these strengths for effective leadership. In a similar vein, this week you evaluate your strengths and areas for growth with regard to interdisciplinary collaboration.

To prepare:Review the competencies described in the Interprofessional Education Collaborative report and in Chapter 9 of the Hickey and Brosnan text.

As you reflect on the competency statements outlined for each domain, think about which ones reflect your strengths. Which competency statements point to areas for growth?Consider the benefit of working with interdisciplinary teams for addressing quality improvement initiatives.Conduct a search of the literature and select at least one article that illustrates the benefits of interprofessional collaboration for nurse leader-managers as it relates to improving quality.

Required ReadingsHickey, J. V., & Brosnan, C. A. (2017). Evaluation  of health care quality in for DNPs (2nd  ed.). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.Chapter 11, “Health Care Teams” (pp. 227-264)This chapter focuses on the function of teams within health care with particular focus on methods of evaluation.Bainbridge, L., Nasmith, L., Orchard, C., & Wood, V. (2010). Competencies for interprofessional collaboration. Journal of Physical Therapy Education, 24(1), 6–11. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases. The authors of this article put forth a competency framework for interprofessional collaboration that can be used by various stakeholders. The framework consists of six competencies and the authors also provide detailed descriptions of the associated skills each competency requires.Braithwaite, J., Westbrook, M., Nugus, P., Greenfield, D., Travaglia, J. Runciman, W. … Westbrook, J. (2012). A four-year, systems-wide intervention promoting interprofessional collaboration. BMC Health Services Research, 12(1), 99–106.Retrieved from the Walden Library databases. This article examines strategies and challenges of working to improve interprofessional collaboration. The benefits of this type of teaming are also discussed.Petri, L. (2010). Concept analysis of interdisciplinary collaboration. Nursing Forum, 45(2), 73–82.Retrieved from the Walden Library databases. This literature review explores the meaning of interdisciplinary collaboration and identifies important antecedents and attributes of the process.

Discuss why you chose the article and what can be learned from this trend – how would you use it to improve the quality of nursing/patient education?

Find an article on a societal factor that is affecting nursing/patient education curriculum. Summarize your article for your classmates in one or two paragraphs. Discuss why you chose the article and what can be learned from this trend – how would you use it to improve the quality of nursing/patient education? This article and those posted by your classmates may become the foundation of your paper due in Topic 2. Be sure to include the entire citation in APA format. The article you select cannot be from any of the course materials or supplemental readings. Please note: It is a violation of copyright law to post the entire text of the article to an online discussion board. So be sure to post only the citation information so that the article can be located if someone is interested in reading more. The article should come from a graduate-level journal, like an advanced practice journal or nursing education journal – not an entry-level journal like AJN, RN, Nursing, etc.

explain what it means for a research topic to be amenable to scientific study using a quantitative approach.

Researchers consider validity and reliability with each new study they design. This is because validity and reliability are not fixed but rather reflect a particular study’s unique variables, research design, instruments, and participants.

In the context of research design, two types of validity, which speak to the quality of different features of the research process, are considered: internal validity and external validity. Assuming that the findings of a research study are internally valid—i.e., the researcher has used controls to determine that the outcome is indeed due to manipulation of the independent variable or the treatment—external validity refers to the extent to which the findings can be generalized from the sample to the population or to other settings and groups. Reliability refers to the replicability of the findings.

For this Discussion, you will consider threats to internal and external validity in quantitative research and the strategies used to mitigate these threats. You will also consider the ethical implications of designing quantitative research.

With these thoughts in mind:

By Day 4

Post an explanation of a threat to internal validity and a threat to external validity in quantitative research. Next, explain a strategy to mitigate each of these threats. Then, identify a potential ethical issue in quantitative research and explain how it might influence design decisions. Finally, explain what it means for a research topic to be amenable to scientific study using a quantitative approach.

Be sure to support your Main Issue Post and Response Post with reference to the week’s Learning Resources and other scholarly evidence in APA Style.Babbie, E. (2017) Basics of social research (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

· Chapter 3, “The Ethics and Politics of Social Research”

Burkholder, G. J., Cox, K. A., & Crawford, L. M. (2016). The scholar-practitioner’s guide to research design. Baltimore, MD: Laureate Publishing.

· Chapter 7, “Quality Considerations”

 

Babbie, E. (2017) Basics of social research (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Chapter 3, “The Ethics and Politics of Social Research”

Explain the difference between content theories of motivation and process theories of motivation. Why is it important to understand the differences? 

To be effective, a company must learn to motivate its employees to efficiently and effectively meet the goals of the organization. After reading Chapter 6 in your text, the article “Person-Organization Fit, Family Supportive Organization Perceptions,” and watching the required videos, discuss the following:

Explain the difference between content theories of motivation and process theories of motivation. Why is it important to understand the differences?

Explain, in your own words (using citations), why motivation is suggested to affect individual performance and organizational outcomes.

Propose at least three strategies to motivate others in the workplace. Include an explanation of the theories that support our suggestions about why these would be productive options.

Note that extrinsic and intrinsic motivation are types of motivation and should not be presented as theories, but as variables within a theory.

Lastly, the text suggests that pay is not usually the driving factor in job satisfaction, but can prevent job dissatisfaction. Based on your reading this week, analyze and explain why you think this is and discuss the pros and cons of using financial incentives in the workplace that are discussed in your text?

Your initial post should be between 300 and 400 words. You must use at least one outside source (peer-reviewed article, newspaper article, or other reputable source) in addition to your text. Cite all information from your sources according to APA guidelines as outlined in the In-Text Citation Helper: A Guide to Making APA In-Text Citations (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. List each of your sources at the end of your post according to APA style as shown in the sample page for References (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.