1. Which of the following is most likely to indicate that a diet book is reliable? 1. _______ a. It claims to present a revolutionary new idea. b. It suggests that a particular nutrient or food group is the key to weight reduction. c. It promises weight loss exceeding two pounds per week. d. The author has a medical degree or Ph.D. e. It recommends a loss of one pound per week.
2. Which of the following statements about exercise equipment for home use is false
? 2. _______ a. Expensive equipment is needed to ensure fitness. b. Equipment should be selected carefully because many buyers fail to remain steady users. c. Home equipment varies considerably in quality and usefulness. d. It is important to understand how any device will contribute to one’s endurance, strength, and/or cardiorespiratory efficiency.
3. To minimize hair loss, all the following approaches are reasonable except
3. _______ a. brushing hair moderately. b. shampooing regularly and gently with mild shampoo. c. drying hair gently with a towel. d. avoiding hair styles that require excessive hair pulling. e. taking a daily multivitamin pill.
4. Today, about how many pregnancies in the United States are unintended? 4. _______ a. 10% b. 25% c. about half d. 75% e. None of these choices.
5. The percentage of deaths in America attributable to cardiovascular disease is 5. _______ a. about 20%. b. about 35%. c. about 60%. d. unknown. e. rising rapidly.
6. Which of the following is not
a risk factor for coronary heart disease? 6. _______ a. high blood pressure b. cigarette smoking c. moderate alcohol intake d. high LDL level e. sedentary lifestyle
7. Which of the following is the best
source of information about a cancer treatment? 7. _______ a. a firsthand report from a close friend b. the National Cancer Institute c. endorsement by a prominent individual
d. the Cancer Control Society
8. Medicare covers all the following except
a. dental care. b. inpatient hospital care. c. medical care. d. surgical care.
9. Which of the following is least
likely to be helpful in a weight-loss program? 9. _______ a. Reduce overall calorie intake. b. Increase physical activity. c. Eat a balanced diet. d. Drink half a gallon of water each day. e. Identify and attempt to modify circumstances that trigger eating behaviors.
10. When considering health insurance, which of these is important? 10. _______ a. Purchase a group policy if possible. b. Avoid policies that have a deductible clause. c. Check the company’s Medicare licensure status. d. Check the company’s standing with your local Better Business Bureau.
11. Which of the following is a well-established guideline for reducing the cost of health care? 11. _______ a. Select a primary physician before illness occurs. b. Buy only brand-name drugs from well-known manufacturers. c. Take a daily multivitamin pill. d. Carefully follow the advice in television advertisements for health-related products.
12. To help reduce the cost of prescription drugs, which of the following does not
make sense? 12. _______ a. Purchase larger quantities for long-term conditions. b. Check prices at several outlets by telephone. c. Consult the Physicians’ Desk Reference
for price information. d. Ask physicians to prescribe generic drugs.
13. The procedures to follow when considering health insurance include all the following except
a. asking the state insurance commissioner’s office to review policy provisions with you. b. determining type of coverage desired. c. reviewing a variety of plans. d. checking records of medical expenditures of previous years.
14. In 2009, the largest
proportion of personal health care expenditures in the United States 14. _______ was for a. hospital care. b. physicians’ services. c. drugs. d. dentists’ services.
15. The continuing rise in health care costs is attributable to all the following except
15. _______ a. an increase in the number of HMOs. b. the aging of our population. c. the high cost of malpractice suits. d. the increased use of high-tech equipment. e. fraudulent billing practices.
16. How do health-care expenses compare with those for food, clothing, and entertainment 16. _______ for the American population as a whole? a. Health care is the largest of these categories. b. Health care is the second largest. c. Health care is the third largest. d. Health care is lowest of the four expenses. e. All four categories are about equal.
17. Approximately what proportion of Americans over age two has dental insurance? 17. _______ a. about 75% b. about half c. about 25% d. less than 10% e. none of these choices
18. Burning 500 more calories a day than you eat will result in a weight loss of about 18. _______ a. one-half of a pound a week. b. 1 pound a week. c. 2 pounds a week. d. The loss will depend mainly on what food you eat. e. None of the above
19. Which of the following can make a valuable contribution to an exercise or body-shaping 19. _______ program? a. a spot-reducing machine b. a rubber sweatsuit c. an electrical nerve stimulator d. a continuous passive motion device e. none of these choices.
20. What percentage of nonmelanoma skin cancers can be cured when detected early? 20. _______ a. less than 5% b. about 25% c. about 55% d. about 75% e. more than 95%
21. Which of the following does not
contribute to high blood pressure? 21. ______ a. obesity b. aerobic exercise c. cigarette smoking d. high sodium intake e. caffeinated beverages
22. The warning signals of cancer include all the following except
22. _______ a. a change in a wart or mole. b. increased appetite. c. a sore that does not heal. d. unusual bleeding or discharge. e. indigestion or difficulty in swallowing.
23. Physicians generally base their fees on all the following except
23. _______ a. extent and complexity of service. b. distance traveled by patient. c. customary fees charged by other local physicians. d. operating costs.
24. The problems in America’s health care system include all of the following except
24. _______ a. lack of sufficient insurance coverage for many Americans. b. cost of “defensive medicine.” c. excessive paperwork for many patients and physicians. d. high administrative costs. e. Large size of “baby boomer” generation.
25. Which statement is false
? 25. _______ a. “Reasonable” refers to a fee in a region that meets a predetermined percentile. b. Insurance companies and Medicare generally base fee-for-service payments on what they consider to be usual, customary, and reasonable. c. “Usual” refers to a physician’s own charges for a period of time. d. “Customary” refers to a range of fees charged by all physicians in a given region. e. All of the choices are true.
26. Which is not
a cost-control method for medical and hospital costs? 26. _______ a. increasing deductibles b. decreasing co-payments c. limitations on services d. requiring or encouraging use of generic drugs when available e. all of the choices are correct
27. Basic health insurance covers all the following except
27. _______ a. lost income from disability. b. hospital costs. c. surgical costs. d. nonsurgical physician’s fees.
28. A Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care 28. _______ a. designates a person to make health care decisions when you are unable to do so. b. specifies a person’s wishes regarding life support. c. is the DNR order. d. is also a viatical settlement.
e. does all of these choices.
29. All of the following are true
about eating disorders except
a. they reflect preoccupation with the body image of others around them. b. they may result in death. c. they may involve the use of laxatives and vomiting. d. they may respond to medical treatment and therapy.
30. For cardiorespiratory fitness, the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans
recommends 30. _______ a. aerobic exercise at least three days per week. b. aerobic exercise one to two days per week. c. exercising daily until one is exhausted. d. stretching exercises every day.
31. Which of the following is the most common problem with tattoos? 31. _______ a. infections b. nodules c. scars d. allergic reactions e. a desire to remove the tattoo.
32. Which of the following is a normal blood pressure? 32. _______ a. less than 120/80 mm Hg b. 130/90 mm Hg c. 160/80 mm Hg d. 72 beats per minute
33. To help prevent cancer, the American Cancer Society suggests all the following except
33. _______ a. increasing intake of fruits and vegetables. b. eating a varied diet. c. maintaining a healthful weight. d. avoiding excess consumption of alcohol. e. moderating sugar intake.
34. A living will 34. _______ a. designates a person to make health care decisions when you are unable to do so. b. specifies a person’s wishes regarding life support. c. is the DNR order. d. is also a viatical settlement. e. does none of these.
35. Which is not
an important consideration for budgeting for health care? 35. _______ a. the cost of dread-disease coverage b. the likely out-of-pocket expenses c. age of family members d. extent of insurance coverage e. all of the choices are correct
36. “Underinsured” means all of the following except
36. _______ a. uninsured. b. annual out-of-pocket medical expenses exceed 10%. c. deductibles exceed 5%. d. income is under 200% of poverty level and annual out-of-pocket expenses exceed 5%. e. all of the choices are correct.
37. The number of Americans without health insurance at any given moment in 2010 was 37. _______ a. unknown. b. about 16%. c. about 30%. d. about 50%. e. none of these choices.
38. Which of the following is a practical strategy for reducing personal health-care costs? 38. _______ a. Insist upon buying brand-name drugs because they are the highest quality. b. Whenever possible, try to get free telephone advice rather than making medical appointments. c. If hospitalized, press to stay a few extra days in the in the hospital to avoid relapses. d. Take a daily multivitamin that has more than 100% of the RDA for several ingredients. e. None of the above.
39. The FTC Funeral Rule states all of the following except
39. _______ a. Prices must be disclosed if requested by telephone. b. A general price list must be available. c. Morticians can charge a small fee for handling a casket purchased elsewhere. d. It must not be stated that embalming can preserve the body indefinitely. e. All of the choices are correct.
40. Being overfat increases the health risk for all the following except
40. _______ a. heart disease. b. high blood pressure. c. diabetes. d. skin cancer.
41. Which of the following is true
? 41. _______ a. Moderate exercise does not increase appetite. b. Vitamin supplements provide extra energy. c. Drinking liquids during exercise causes cramps. d. “No pain, no gain.” e. Muscle will turn into fat if you stop exercising.
42. How long do the effects of successful face-lift operations usually last? 42. _______ a. 5 to 10 years b. about 15 years c. more than 20 years d. permanently e. none of these choices
43. Male sterilization is accomplished by 43. _______ a. laparoscopy. b. severing the vas deferens
. c. irradiation of the testicles. d. dilatation and curettage.
44. The typical symptoms of a heart attack include all the following except
44. _______ a. uncomfortable pressure or pain in center of chest. b. abdominal cramps. c. pain radiating down left arm. d. sweating, shortness of breath, and nausea.
45. Which of the following strategies is prudent for patients with cancer? 45. _______ a. Do not continue a treatment that doesn’t give immediate results. b. Trust testimonials from laypersons. c. Have faith in experts devoted to cancer research. d. Use “alternative” treatments in addition to standard ones.
46. The approximate annual number of deaths caused by cancer is 46. _______ a. 135,000. b. 250,000. c. 572,000. d. 1.3 million. e. 5 million.
47. The most
common cause of death from cardiovascular disease is 47. _______ a. stroke. b. rheumatic heart disease. c. myocardial infarction due to coronary heart disease. d. congestive heart failure. e. congenital heart disease.
48. The calorie deficit needed to lose one pound of weight 48. _______ a. is about 1,500. b. is about 2,500. c. is about 3,500. d. depends on a person’s age. e. depends on a person’s size.
49. Which of the following statements about grief is correct? 49. _______ a. Sharing feelings of sadness and grief after someone dies is likely to prolong the grief process. b. Most bereaved persons need professional help. c. The duration and intensity of mourning depend on the nature of the relationship to the dying person and the emotional makeup of the grieving person. d. If a loved one dies, consulting a psychiatrist soon afterward is likely to cut the length of the mourning period in half. e. None of these choices.
50. Which of the following is appropriate to include in an advance medical directive? 50. _______ a. the funeral home desired if death occurs. b. whether cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) should be used if one’s heart stops beating. c. the location of your will. d. the circumstances under which assisted suicide should be used. e. None of these choices.